Skip to main content


Welcome to Dutton News! Here you'll find our own reporting on best practices and cutting-edge research in the field of learning design. We also link to news in the broader Penn State community and beyond. This is your comprehensive source for everything happening where the science of learning meets the art of design!

Disrupt the One-way Street of Feedback to Encourage Reflective Practice

March 15th, 2020

Traditionally, feedback on student work is a one-way communication from instructor to student. Due to the inherent complexity of unilateral feedback, students may feel emotional and psychological impacts, a lack of power or autonomy, or demotivation. Re-engineering this process to include student-instructor dialogue in order to break down one-way flow provides space for interactive exchanges where thoughts and ideas are shared and requirements are interpreted and clarified. With this shift to a dialogic, interactive practice, the goal becomes helping students develop reflective and metacognitive skills that can be used long after they leave our classrooms.